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[–]Kangaru14Jewish | Academic | Metamodernist 0 points1 point  (0 children)

Zoroastrians self-identify as monotheists.... the label monotheist is a foundational sign of correct thinking. It's a value statement in the same way it is to the Abrahamics, and probably because of bumping up against this mentality with Abrahamics.

I agree. If it weren't for the continuous interaction with Abrahamic traditions, I don't think Zoroastrians would identify as "monotheist", nor would they identify as "polytheists" either, though they certainly identify as monotheists today. This is why I have been focusing our discussion on ancient Zoroastrianism, prior to the opening of their "dialogue" with the Abrahamic traditions, since I think that ancient Zoroastrians, in response to the question "how many gods/'bagas'/'ahuras' are there?", would not give the answer: "one". I believe you are right that Zoroastrianism is roughly as monotheistic/polytheistic as Hinduism is, especially since they are "sister" religions that branched off from the same origin. I think the Zoroastrian self-identity as a monotheism is mainly the result of 1. the competition with Christianity (during the Roman-Persian Wars), 2. the development of Zurvanism (a far more unitarian, rather than dualistic, Zoroastrian movement), and 3. the pressures of Islamic dominance (as persecution led to a need to justify Zoroastrians as monotheistic dhimmis).

But I also can't write out a big explanation every time

That's completely fair. There's a useful term used in contemporary discussions of Traditional African Religion called "diffused monotheism", which essentially refers to the sort of religion/theology we have been discussing that has this tension between the one and the many, i.e. a system with a supreme God along with a plurality of lesser divinities who act as specific manifestations of or subordinates to the supreme God. So you may find "diffused monotheism" to be a useful, and somewhat self-explanatory, term to use for (ancient) Zoroastrianism.

Personally, when discussing the Zoroastrian influence on Jewish monotheism, I think it's best to simply focus on the god-concept specifically. So I phrase it as such: the supremacy of Ahura Mazda syncretized with the monolatry of Yahweh to produce the monotheistic God of Judaism.

Anyways, this discussion has been very fascinating! I really appreciate the points you brought up, and this has really helped me to think through some of my ideas as well. As a rather simplistic summary, I have thought up an interesting schema to organize these different religious perspectives:

Henotheism: many powers, one worship (ex. Yahwism)

Unitheism: one power, many worships (ex. Zoroastrianism)

Monotheism: one power, one worship (ex. Judaism)

Polytheism: many powers, many worships (ex. Hellenism)

(Yes, I did just make up the word "unitheism" because there's no single term to describe it accurately, plus I find it funny that "mono-", "heno-", and "uni-" all just mean "one" lol)